Termites are social insects. Their workers are best described as “little white things” or “little white ants” that are often found in damp, rotting wood. Termites have a strict caste system, which consists of worker termites, soldiers, winged reproductive termites, a queen termite, and a king termite.
Advance Termite Bait Stations have been developed to detect ground termites and destroy them, also called subterranean termites. Ground termites randomly and constantly forage for new food sources; and may travel up to 100 yards from their primary nest. It is this “foraging” tendency that allows ADVANCE to detect activity near a structure. At the surface ground termites create mud tubes from the soil to wooden portions of a structure. These tubes provide a protective “highway” for termites to attack your home.
Other less obvious access points include:
- through construction joints
- through retaining wall joints and cracks through floor cracks over 1/16th through plumbing, electrical, or other slab penetrations
Subterranean Termites require three things to survive:
- food (wood or other cellulose material)
- a consistent source of moisture
- moderate to tropical environment
Subterranean Termites can consume over 15 pounds of wood in a single week.
Subterranean Termites can create secondary nests above the ground called “aerial colonies”. These independent nests may survive independently of the ground if a water source is available. Common interior water sources include; roof leaks, plumbing leaks, leaky showers or tubs, toilet leaks, etc… Aerial infestations(termite swarmer’s) must be located for effective control.
Subterranean Termites die rather quickly from dehydration when exposed to the environment due to their thin exo-skeleton.
Subterranean Termites produce a chemical odor called a pheromone, which other termites, in the colony follow to find food and water.
Termites dwell in underground colonies, tunneling undetected through the soil into a structure. Very often structural damage may occur unseen or unnoticed, hidden behind solid walls.
Signs of an active termite infestation vary but may include:
- a sudden swarm of winged insects
- mud tubes constructed by the termites to link their passage from the soil into the structure
- damage from termites feeding on wood within your home
- or live termites
These infestation indicators can be identified by a Bradford & Son’s inspector trained to locate and identify termite activity.